Richard Adams is a famous English novelist whose most famous novel is Watership Down. Originally composed as a bedtime story for his daughters, it is a modern classic selling over 50 million novels, being one of the top 25 selling single-volume novels of all time. His novel, Plague Dogs, also made into a movie, has apocalyptic themes as well.
So why review a book about rabbits, when my usual fare is either outright apocalyptic, or somewhat apocalyptic future-dystopian? Well it is the fault of that "Druid-guy".
The worlds of pulp fantasy are by and large worlds in decline, strewn with immense ruins and scattered with artifacts no one can duplicate any more. The heroes of pulp fantasy are caught up in the undertow of decline, and their battles and quests are generally defined by legacies of the pre-decline past that have to be preserved or destroyed before the future can begin to take shape...
A brand of fiction commonly dismissed as sheer escapism, in other words, provides narratives more useful to the current state of the industrial world than the supposedly serious narrative of progress that still shapes every detail of contemporary public discourse.
And I agree. A lot of fantasy is very apocalyptic in tone. It various from the modern narrative in that the hero is generally in a position to do something about the impending doom. The situation can be corrected.
What makes Watership Down, a talking-animal brand of fantasy, is that it is not a tale of avoiding an apocalypse, but of surviving an apocalypse. Almost from the very get go, the small band of rabbits have been turned out of their burrows, and are out in the wilds without the safety of shelter. They are thrown on their own resources. And like its swords and sorcery cousins, the heroes are in a position to make a difference.
So how do the rabbits survive? How do their survivalist techniques differ from the two-legged survivalist novel?
- They make friends with everyone they can by helping folks with no immediate expectation of return benefit. Sometimes their friends help them in big ways, other times it is just a little warning that makes all the difference.
- They don't use a one-headed tribal model. They have a variety of leaders, each tending to dominate within their area of expertise. This is actually how most "tribal" societies actually work, rather than the head-man fantasies of many anthropologists.
- They are not particularly choosey about who joins them. They value each other for company and friendship, and generally figure that just about everyone has something useful to add, even if it is only another pair of alert eyes.
- They don't really on firepower, and only to a limited amount on combat skills, to win their way through.
In general, they succeed by being nice, and by being community spirited. Some of their other methods are more traditional. They find a defensible position to live in. They work hard, are brave, cunning, and doggedly determined. So are these viable survival strategies for people? I don't know; But they certainly are nicer strategies.
The novel has a longer focus than most human-centered survival fiction. This isn't too hard to do as rabbits don't live long, so it only takes a couple of years to get to the passing of a generation, and thus making it a more foundational story: somewhat along the lines of George Herbert's Earth Abides.
So did I like it? Of course, I read it when it came out in 1974, and my second re-reading was by way of reading it aloud to my son at bed time.
We now come to our two descriptive (not qualitative) ratings: 1 to 7 with 4 the mid-point and 7 high. Realism does not include the cause of the collapse or apocalypse, but is otherwise an assessment of how close to today's world is the setting. Could you imagine your friends, or families living through the situation. Readability is not literary merits, but literally how quick and painless of a read.
Realism? It is a story about talking rabbits. It is fantasy. It is a one.
Readability? It is an absolute classic. It was published to instant acclaim. There is some chatting, and philosophizing thrown in for good measure, but it reads pretty quickly for a book that is close to 500 pages long. Remembering that this is not a qualitative ranking, we will call it a 6.